In line with the US, the Saudi Crown Prince permitted the assassination of Khashoggi and imposed 76 Saudis visa restrictions
Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman approved an operation to arrest or kill journalist Jamal Khashoggi in 2018. This emerges from a US intelligence report that could add further strain to US-Saudi Arabia relations if the White House reassesses relations with Riyadh.
The report by the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, released on Friday, cited the Crown Prince's control over decision-making in Saudi Arabia, as well as the involvement of a key advisor and members of the Prince's protective detail in the operation that killed Khashoggi. a critic of the royal family.
Also on Friday, Foreign Minister Antony Blinken imposed visa restrictions on 76 Saudi individuals believed to have "threatened overseas dissidents, including, but not limited to, the Khashoggi murder." A State Department spokesman would not provide the names of these people as the visa records are confidential under US law.
However, the New York Times reported that the Biden administration would not punish the Crown Prince for Khashoggi's murder. The White House ruled that such measures would create excessive costs for US-Saudi Arabia cooperation on counter-terrorism and confrontation with Iran, according to the Times.
Blinken said the restrictions are part of a new "Khashoggi ban" that bans visas for anyone acting on behalf of a foreign government who is believed to have carried out "serious, extraterritorial activities against dissidents".
When asked why the Crown Prince was not among the punished, Blinken emphasized the importance of US interests and not the disruption of relations with Saudi Arabia.
"So what we have done with the measures we have taken is not to break the relationship, but to recalibrate it to better suit our interests and values," Blinken told reporters at a press conference. "And I think we also need to understand that this is bigger than any single person."
The finance department on Friday imposed sanctions on the crown prince's security detail known as the Rapid Intervention Force. It also sanctioned former Deputy Chief of the Kingdom's Intelligence Service, Ahmad Hassan Mohammed al-Asiri, who is accused of being a leader of the conspiracy.
The ODNI report states: "Since 2017 the Crown Prince has had absolute control over the kingdom's security and intelligence organizations, so it is highly unlikely that Saudi officials would have carried out an operation of this type without the Crown Prince's approval."
The Saudi government in a statement on Friday denied the report's conclusions, saying it contained inaccurate information. Riyadh condemned Khashoggi's murder as a violation of the kingdom's laws and values and blamed a rogue group for his death.
The CIA-led assessment that had been classified so far comes from the fact that President Joe Biden's relationship with Saudi Arabia was broken after years of the Trump administration's condemnation of the kingdom's human rights abuses despite condemnation in Congress and the United Nations ignored, wants to redesign.
The Trump administration refused to submit a report to Congress in 2019 on who was responsible for Khashoggi's death. The legislature had requested the report under the Magnitsky Act, which would have required sanctions against those responsible for the killing.
Khashoggi, a 59-year-old American and a Washington Post columnist, joined the Saudi consulate in Istanbul on October 2, 2018 and never left.
He was killed by a group of assassins who then dismembered his body. His remains were never recovered.
Robert Mahoney, Deputy Executive Director of the Committee for the Protection of Journalists, speaks during a press conference calling for the United Nations to call for the disappearance of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi at the United Nations in New York, United States on October 18, 2018.
Shannon Stapleton | Reuters
"The Crown Prince viewed Khashoggi as a threat to the kingdom and broadly supported violent measures to silence him," the ODNI report reads.
"Although Saudi officials planned an unspecified operation against Khashoggi in advance, we do not know how far in advance Saudi officials decided to harm him."
DOWNLOAD: The full evaluation of the ODNI information
California Democrat Adam Schiff, chairman of the House of Representatives Intel Committee, on Friday called on the White House to impose "serious repercussions on those responsible for Khashoggi's assassination" and to reassess US relations with Saudi Arabia as a result of the intelligence report.
"We need to make sure that foreign governments targeting journalists just for their jobs are not immune to severe repercussions and sanctions, because to restore confidence in American leadership we must act in accordance with the values that America sets." for a long time, "said Schiff.
"The government should take further steps to reduce the United States' dependence on Riyadh and reaffirm that our partnership with the Kingdom is not a blank check," he added.
In a diplomatic reprimand to the Crown Prince this week, the White House made it clear that Biden does not see 35-year-old bin Salman as his counterpart and will instead have relationships through his aging father, King Salman. Bin Salman has been the public face of the kingdom since he became Crown Prince in 2017.
The Trump administration maintained relationships through the Crown Prince, who maintained close personal relationships with members of the Trump family, particularly Jared Kushner, the son-in-law of former President Donald Trump.
White House spokeswoman Jen Psaki said on Tuesday: "On Saudi Arabia, I would say that we made it clear from the start that we will recalibrate our relationship with Saudi Arabia."
On Thursday, in his first conversation with the 85-year-old King, Biden reiterated "the importance the United States attaches to universal human rights and the rule of law," according to a White House ad.
Biden also told the king that he "will work to make bilateral relations as strong and transparent as possible," the White House said. Khashoggi's name was not mentioned in the advertisement.
Biden's review of relations with Saudi Arabia is part of a broader US foreign policy shift in the Middle East. The president has ended US support for Saudi Arabia's war in Yemen as he seeks to return to the negotiating table with Iran, Riyadh's enemy, over its nuclear program.
Biden "also discussed regional security" in his appeal with King Salman on Thursday, citing his government's efforts to end the war in Yemen "and the US commitment to help Saudi Arabia defend its territory since it is exposed to attacks by Iranian-centric groups, "White House ad said.
Biden and the King "also confirmed the historical nature of the relationship and agreed to work together on issues of mutual interest," according to the White House.
Saudi denials and Trump's doubts
The Saudi authorities initially denied any knowledge of Khashoggi's death and later alleged that the journalist was involved in a fight at the consulate and died in the clash. The Saudi authorities eventually admitted that Khashoggi was killed in a "rogue operation" while they denied the Crown Prince was involved.
A United Nations investigator concluded in a June 2019 report that Khashoggi was "the victim of a premeditated, premeditated execution, an extrajudicial killing for which the state of Saudi Arabia is responsible under international human rights law."
A Saudi court sentenced five people to death, three to prison, and exonerated three others. The United States Special Rapporteur on Extrajudicial Executions, Agnes Callamard, condemned the sentence as a "mockery" of justice
Trump publicly tried to cast doubts about the Crown Prince's involvement in Khashoggi's death, even after multiple outlets reported that the CIA bin Salman itself had concluded that the journalist had been killed. Trump said the CIA had "nothing in particular" while claiming the oil-rich kingdom would remain a "steadfast partner" with the US.