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Tulsa wasn't the primary or final time black individuals have been massacred and erased from American historical past

1921 they have burned and terrorized the richest black community in the country, called Black Wall Street in Tulsa, Oklahoma. AAfter the Civil War ended, they worked to erase the memory of an early May 1, 1865 memorial ceremony for black Civil War soldiers in Charleston, South Carolina.

"Whites had largely left the city, but thousands of blacks, mostly ex-slaves, stayed and held a series of memorial services to explain their sense of the importance of the war," the Pulitzer Prize-winning writer wrote Historian David Blight in The New York Times in 2011. "The greatest of these events, forgotten until I was extraordinarily fortunate in an archive at Harvard, took place on May 1, 1865. " Blight described devastating conditions in which Union prisoners were held, resulting in at least 257 of them dying of disease before being "rushed into a mass grave behind the stands" Washington Race Course and Jockey Club.

"After the Confederate evacuation of Charleston, black workers went to the site, duly buried the Union dead and built a high fence around the cemetery," wrote Blight. "They whitewashed the fence and built an archway over an entrance with the words, 'Martyrs of the Racetrack.'"

But when the Ladies Memorial Association of Charleston was asked to confirm the legitimacy of the Memorial Day tribute, A representative of the association wrote in an exchange of letters received by Time magazine: "I regret that I have not been able to collect any official information on this." The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs considers the First Memorial Day on May 5, 1868, when the Great Army of the Republic established Decoration Day to decorate the graves of those who fell in the war. In 1966, Congress and President Lyndon Johnson declared that Waterloo, New York was the "birthplace" of Memorial Day.

Tear off, steal and erase: it was the American way. President Joe Biden said in commemoration of the 100th anniversary of the Tulsa Race Massacre Tuesday that "the story of what happened here has been told in silence for far too long."

“The darkness can hide a lot, but it doesn't erase anything,” he added.

Viola Fletcher, a 107-year-old survivor of the Tulsa massacre, testified before Congress that she was awakened there at night with her five siblings and parents. "I was told we had to go and that's it," she said. “I will never forget the violence of the white mob when we left home. I still see black men being shot, black corpses lying on the street. I still smell smoke and see fire. I still watch black businesses get burned.

“I can still hear planes flying overhead. I hear the screams. I saw the massacre every day. Our country may forget this story, but I cannot. "

The Tulsa massacre is one of 25 recorded on a map of black massacres, from the 1863 military service riots in New York City to the 2015 mass shootings in Charleston, South Carolina. Nine black people were murdered while studying the Bible Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church in Charleston on June 17thThe Irish mob and its abolitionist supporters terrorized New York City for five days, targeting mostly blacks and affluent communities, according to the City University of New York. An estimated 119 people were killed in the riots, and the fear they provoked drove many Black Manhattan residents to what is now known as Harlem, the university reported.

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Dr. William Darity, a local reparations scholar, speaks on the 100th anniversary of the Tulsa massacre and the destruction of the black community, which has contributed to the ongoing inequalities resulting from the destruction of Black Wall Street in Greenwood. pic.twitter.com/uuLZEMrdtc

– Angeline Palmer's Brigade (@PalmerBrigade) June 1, 2021

The NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund tweeted Tuesday that the economic cost of losing property in the Tulsa massacre alone was estimated at more than $ 600 million. "Almost 100 additional massacres of this type took place over decades, costing black Americans millions in lost generational wealth," the nonprofit said in connection with an interview with a Duke University professor William Darity.

He told PBS that he believes the wealth gap between black and white Americans "best captures the cumulative intergenerational impact of all of these atrocities." "Another way to think about it is that black Americans with ancestors enslaved in the United States make up about 12 percent of the nation's population but own less than 2 percent of the nation's wealth," Darity said. "So if we were to close this gap, we would have to spend more than $ 11 trillion nationally."

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Tom Steyer's proposal for reparations has to go through the work of Dr. Darity to be informed. Here Prof. Darity and Kirsten Mullen discuss reparation proposals for PBS. Your upcoming book, From Here to Equality, is sure to provide even more insight. See also https://t.co/EafWeEUTHM pic.twitter.com/1yoJ0gsmYh

– Deb's daughter (@DebDaughter) January 29, 2020

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